東京藝術大学 大学院 音楽音響創造

要旨

燕青
日本人作曲家による日中合作映画音楽についての研究
ー『未完の対局』中心に一

本論文では、中国の映画、及び映画音楽発展歴史から日中初の合作映画『未完の対局』を中心に、日本人作曲家による日中合作映画音楽について研究した。

中国映画の発展は、政治的な要素に深く影響された。戦争によって、日本の映画事業者は中国の上海租界、中国の東北地方にかつて存在した満洲映画協会などで映画制作を行い、中国映画と深く関わりがあった。さらに、日本映画事業者は戦後中国映画の制作を参加し、設備と技術などで新中国(1949年以降)の映画事業を支え、中国映画に深く影響を与えた。

1976年中国文化大革命は終焉を迎い、大量の日本の映画作品は中国で初めて上映できるようになった。佐藤純彌が監督した『君よ、憤怒の河を渉れ』は代表として、中国で巨大な日本映画ブームを起こした。本論文は1970、1980年代中国で上映した日本映画が中国映画と中国社会に与えた影響を考察した。

『未完の対局』は日中国交正常化十周年を記念として、日中両国共同出資で、三年に捗って完成した作品である。その制作の背景を調査し、また映画音楽及びサウンド分析を行うことで『未完の対局』は日中映画への影響を考察した。

その結果、『未完の対局』の成功によって、日本映画事業者は中国で高い評価を得て日中合作映画制作の道を広げた結果、『敦煌』などの合作映画を制作された後に様々な形式での合作を始めていた。特に中国映画のサウンドについては、日本人の参加によって、中国映画に深い影響を与えた。


Yan Qing
The Research of the Film Music by Japanese Composers in China-Japan Co-Productions: A Case Study with An Unfinished Chess Game

In this dissertation, the film music created by Japanese composers in Sino-Japan co-production was investigated by studying the history of Chinese film as well as the development of film music. A case study was carried out with An Unfinished Chess Game, the first film co-produced by Chinese and Japanese filmmakers.

The development of Chinese film was profoundly affected by the political environments. During the Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Invasion, film productions were conducted by Japanese filmmakers in the Shanghai Concession in China and the Manchu Film Association in northeast China, which significantly underlaid the development of Chinese films. In addition, Japanese filmmakers participated in China’s post-war film production, supporting their Chinese counterparts in terms of equipment and technology, which had a profound impact on Chinese films.
 
After the end of the Cultural Revolution in 1976, a large number of Japanese films were introduced into Chinese theaters for the first time. Among them Hot Pursuit, directed by Sato Junya, was widely recognized as a representative work that set off a huge upsurge in popularity among local viewers. This study examined the impacts of Japanese films in Chinese theaters in the 1970s and 1980s on Chinese films and society.

An Unfinished Chess Game was dedicated to the 10th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries. The film was co-funded by China and Japan, took three years to finish its production. In this dissertation, the background of the film’s production was investigated, the music and sound designs of the film were analyzed, and the film’s impact on later China and Japanese movies was further examined.

Here, the results of this research show that the success of An Unfinished Chess Game has significantly promoted the reputation of Japanese filmmakers in China. It also broadened the scope of Sino-Japan film cooperation, and showcased a variety of possibilities for future collaboration. Overall, the film, or in particular the sounds produced by Japanese filmmakers, was found to have a profound influence on future Chinese films.